Samoyed

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Get all the information you need to determine if the Samoyed is the right dog for you in our complete guide.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:
12 to 14 years
Size:

Medium

Maintenance Level:

High

Shed Level:

Very High

Temperament:
CheerySocial ButterflyEnergetic
Coat Color:
WhiteCreamBiscuit

Best For

Samoyeds are best for tight-knit families who embrace an active lifestyle and enjoy the Great Outdoors, especially during the wintertime. They thrive off constant social interaction and love to be the center of attention.

Samoyed Traits

What makes the Samoyed a Samoyed? Let's find out how they stack up.

Samoyed Temperament

With a delightful smile ready to greet you at a moment’s notice, it’s no surprise that the Samoyed dog breed’s qualities are rooted in having fun and being the family mood-booster. Looking to make friends? Your Sammy’s good-natured temperament means you’ll end up meeting just about everyone on the block. If you want your Husky as a guard dog, you may want to look elsewhere. Sammies are so friendly, they’re likely to give an intruder a tour of your home.

Samoyeds (aka Siberian Samoyeds) are whip-smart and crave all the TLC. Without it, they can become mischievous to get your attention. And don’t even think about leaving them out by themselves for long. Sammies would much rather be in the house with the whole fam instead of being relegated to the outside by their lonesome. They form deep bonds with their human families and have a pack-mentality. Proper socialization is important to keep your pup active, engaged and challenged.

While they’re always up for an adventure, they can also be headstrong and a bit demanding. Samoyeds are not usually aggressive, but they may nip when they want something. And they won’t be afraid to tell you they need attention with their distinctive whine.

Speaking of communication, Samoyeds are fond of barking or using their teeth to get your attention. This is more common when Sammies are not fully trained, and they’ll nip or tug at you with their teeth in a non-aggressive manner. But there’s an explanation for this behavior: They’re used to grabbing their packmates with their mouths, and with their dense fur, they grip harder, so it’s natural for them to do the same with their people.

How to Care for a Samoyed

Samoyeds are high-energy dogs with high-maintenance needs. Grooming that gorgeous, wool-like coat is essential to their puffball appearance. And their independent streak equals consistent training and lots of exercise time. (No weekends off!) But hey—that just gives you more time to bond with your pup!

Samoyed Health

Samoyeds are typically healthy dogs with long lifespans of 12 to 14 years. But as with any dog, it’s essential to know what health concerns are common to the breed. By keeping an eye out for these health issues, you can help ensure that your Sammy lives a full, happy life.

  • Cataracts: Like humans, Samoyeds can develop different types of cataracts depending on their age. According to the Samoyed Club of America, some types of cataracts are inherited, so annual eye examinations are vital for your pup’s overall health. Symptoms may include cloudiness in the pupil, eye inflammation and squinting. Depending on the severity, surgery may be required to help prevent blindness.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This inherited disease usually means a dog will slowly go blind over time. It’s common for the eye cells in charge of night vision to begin to degenerate first, so daytime vision may be relatively unchanged in your pup for a while. In Samoyeds, the condition is predominantly gender-based, with male dogs mostly being the ones affected. Although no treatment is available yet for PRA, dogs often adjust to vision loss and lead happy lives.
  • Joint Dysplasia: Samoyeds can suffer from elbow and hip dysplasia, where the joints weren’t formed properly. Look for an abnormal gait or signs of stiffness in their joints. Treatments range from weight management to physical therapy to surgery, depending on the severity.
  • Cardiac Disorder: Samoyeds can inherit a heart condition called pulmonic stenosis, making it harder for blood to flow from the heart to the lungs. The heart has to work overtime to pump enough blood, so your Samoyed could collapse or simply run out of energy in the middle of an activity. Some dogs may be treated with beta-adrenergic blockers, and a balloon valvuloplasty (basically, a balloon catheter) may be helpful.
  • Hypothyroidism: When the thyroid gland doesn’t produce normal levels of the thyroid hormones, your Samoyed may be prone to hair loss, weight gain, lethargy and infertility. One common treatment is a daily synthetic thyroid supplement.

Samoyed History

With their fluffy, thick white coats—their defining trait—it makes sense that Samoyeds have a history tied to cold climates. The breed name originates from the Samoyedic people, a semi-nomadic people from Siberia, where temperatures can drop to minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit!

Not many can endure such harsh conditions, but Samoyeds were originally bred to be able to work and prosper in this environment—their coats keep them warm and protected no matter how frigid or windy it might be. On very cold nights, the dogs and people would huddle together to keep warm with their body heat, forming a close bond between the breed and humans. This behavior explains why, to this day, Samoyeds tend to be especially connected with their pet parents. You’re going to have quite the cuddler on your hands. (No need for an electric blanket!)

Samoyeds regularly hauled heavy loads for long distances as they pulled sleds across the Arctic tundra. They also served as watchdogs. The Samoyedic community frequently relied on reindeer for food, leather and fur. But over time, the community shifted from hunting reindeer to herding them. Eventually, their Samoyed dogs took on this new role as herders and protectors of reindeer.

How did Samoyeds go from cold climate pup to mainstream companion? In the late 18th century, Arctic explorers introduced the Samoyed to British dog lovers when they returned to England. Perhaps unsurprisingly, a royal endorsement ended up being a turning point in the Samoyed’s personal history: Queen Alexandra fell in love with the breed and promoted it to a companion and show dog. Samoyeds continued pulling sleds in Arctic and Antarctic expeditions in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. And the American Kennel Club registered the first Samoyed in 1906.

Are you looking to add a Samoyed as a pet? The best place to find Samoyed puppies today is through a reputable breeder on the American Kennel Club’s website. What’s the average Samoyed price? Depending on the breeder, expect to pay anywhere from $1,200 to $3,000 for a pup. But for that price, you’re getting a pup who’s been screened for health and temperament issues and may come with pedigree papers. You can also reach out to Samoyed rescue organizations to adopt a pup or keep an eye out for the breed at your local animal shelter.

If you see a black Samoyed advertised, run! This is a marketing ploy often designed to elicit higher prices for a pooch. Samoyeds only come in shades of white. If you’re seeing a dog who looks like a black Samoyed puppy, it’s either a mixed dog (maybe a Sammypoo) or a purebred pup that looks like a Samoyed, like a Eurasier.

FAQs

How do you pronounce Samoyed?

Samoyed is often pronounced incorrectly. Most pronounce it sam-oy-ehd. But that’s not correct! It’s sam-ah-YEED. But many pup parents just call their ball of fluff their “Sammy.”

What does Samoyed mean?

The name Samoyed’s meaning pays tribute to where the breed originally comes from—specifically, the Samoyedic people, who were a semi-nomadic people from northeastern Asia.

Are Samoyeds hypoallergenic?

No, Samoyeds are not hypoallergenic. Although a Samoyed does shed a lot, they have low dander levels and barely drool, so they may not trigger as strong an allergic reaction in some people. If you have allergies, it’s a good idea to spend time with a few Samoyeds before deciding to bring one home.

Are Samoyeds good family dogs?

Yes, Samoyeds are good family dogs. They love living life with their people, so it’s important to include your Sammy in your daily routine and activities.

Can Samoyeds live in hot weather?

Yes, Samoyeds can live in warm temperatures. If you live in warmer climates, keep your outdoor activities to the cooler parts of the day. When you are outside when it’s warmer, be sure to give your pup access to shade and lots of water to help keep them cool.

What are the most common Samoyed mixes?

The most common Samoyed mixes are:

  • Samoyed-Golden Retriever mix (Golden Sammy)
  • Samoyed-Poodle mix (Sammypoo)
  • Samoyed-Husky mix (Samusky)
  • Samoyed-German Shepherd mix (Samoyed German Shepherd)
  • Samoyed-Corgi mix (Samoyed Corgi)
  • Samoyed-Pomeranian mix (Samoyed Pomeranian)
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Top Takeaways

Samoyeds love to make people feel cared for no matter what. While they yearn for the spotlight—and won’t make any apologies for it—it’s hard to blame them when they’ve got such a charismatic personality. These playful, rambunctious pups make for very loyal companions who are ready to take on all the adventures with you.

Expert input provided by veterinarian Dr. Katie Billmaier, at Furry Friends Adoption, Clinic & Ranch, and Sparky Serka, head trainer at The Puppy Academy.

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