Golden Retriever


Golden Retrievers are loveable, friendly dogs.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:
10 to 12 years


Maintenance Level:


Shed Level:


Social ButterflyQuick-LearnerAdventurous
Coat Color:
Dark GoldenGoldenLight Golden

Best For

Golden Retrievers are best for busy homes with high activity levels. Goldens thrive on attention, and they're typically kid-friendly and pet-friendly.

Golden Retriever Traits

What makes a Golden Retriever a Golden Retriever? Let's find out how they stack up.

Golden Retriever Temperament

Golden Retriever dogs are born extroverts who are eager to please. Although personalities can differ, most Goldens love people and social outings, thriving in homes with lots of activity.

Golden Retrievers need a lot of mental and physical exercise to be at their peak health. But for them, the bottom line is spending time with you. Whether it’s sleeping next to you on your chair or playing outdoors, they’re happiest if they can just be by your side.

These medium-weight and height dogs are a great choice for families with young children. But that doesn’t mean every Golden Retriever is problem-free. When bringing a Golden home, give them careful introductions to other members of your household, especially the smaller ones like children and cats.

But overall, they love to mingle and see everyone as a potential new bestie. Whenever they meet someone new, they seem to say, “Hi! I am so glad we met. Do you have a ball to throw for me now that we’re friends?”

Another quality you’ll appreciate in your furry new BFF is their intelligence. Goldens are quick learners and easy to train, bred to retrieve waterfowl with a soft mouth. They often have jobs, serving as guide dogs or search-and-rescue dogs.

Keep in mind that even the best-trained Goldens still have a bit of a mischievous streak. So be prepared for occasional mischief and learn to laugh along with your dog as they “help” you unload the laundry basket.

How to Care for a Golden Retriever

A Golden Retriever puppy or adult dog may be friendly people-pleasers, but that doesn’t make the breed low maintenance. They need daily exercise, regular brushing, and training. The good news is they’re so easy going, they’ll adapt well to almost any home, especially homes with small children.

Golden Retriever Health

Golden Retrievers have a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years, but they’re also prone to some health issues. It’s good to know in what those potential health problems are in advance, so you can keep them your pup healthy for longer.

  • Cancer: The biggest health issues for Goldens is cancer. According to a study conducted by the Golden Retriever Club of America, cancer was identified as a cause of death in 61.4 percent of the Golden Retrievers studied. If your pup has cancer, your vet can help you determine the best course of action to treat your pup.
  • Ear Infections: Those adorable floppy ears? They can trap moisture and create a breeding ground for bacteria and yeast, making them prone to infections, although not to the degree you might see in a Cocker Spaniel or Basset Hound. Your vet can teach you how to clean those cute ears to prevent ear infections from developing.
  • Skin Infections: Their thick undercoats may help protect them from cold water but can also attract bacteria that cause skin infections. That’s why it’s so important to give them a bath or rinse them off with clean water after a swim. If your pup develops a skin infection, contact your veterinarian. They can show you the best way to treat the infection.
  • Joint Dysplasia: Even though they’re not as prone to hip dysplasia as giant breeds like Saint Bernards or Newfoundland dogs, roughly 8.5 percent of Goldens suffer hip dysplasia. Check with your veterinarian for the best treatment options if your Golden suffers from this condition.
  • Heart Conditions: They are also prone to certain heart conditions, like Subaortic stenosis. This can sometimes be detected as an audible murmur during a veterinarian exam, and your veterinarian will help you determine the best course for treatment.

Golden Retriever History

The Golden Retriever breed has its origin in the Scottish Highlands by Dudley Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth. Marjoribanks crossed several breeds of dogs as he sought an energetic pup who could retrieve anywhere, whether in water or land.

Some of the breeds that Marjoribanks worked with included his Yellow Retriever, the now-extinct Tweed Water Spaniel, the Irish Setter and the Bloodhound. This led to a retriever with speed, agility and loyalty.

Goldens began arriving in the United States around the early 1900s and became recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925. They skyrocketed in popularity when President Gerald Ford had a Golden Retriever of his own named Liberty. Now many organizations are dedicated to the breed, like the Golden Retriever Club of America.

So, where is the best place to find Golden Retriever puppies today? You can find a list of reputable Golden Retriever breeders on the American Kennel Club’s website. What’s the average Golden Retriever price? Depending on the breeder, expect to spend anywhere from $1,200 to $2,500 for a pup; but for that, you usually are getting a dog who’s been screened for health and temperament issues, and they might even come with pedigree papers. You can also reach out to Golden Retriever rescue organizations to adopt a Golden, or keep an eye out for the breed at your local animal shelter.


Are Golden Retrievers hypoallergenic?

Golden Retrievers aren’t hypoallergenic. In fact, their frequent shedding might be hard on allergy sufferers.

Are Golden Retrievers Labradors?

Golden Retrievers aren’t Labrador Retrievers, but they share a common ancestor in the now-extinct St. John’s Water Dog. Goldens were originally bred in Scotland, while Labradors were bred in Newfoundland.

Are Golden Retrievers aggressive?

Golden Retrievers aren’t typically aggressive. However, although Golden Retrievers are usually very friendly, there can be exceptions if they were poorly socialized or abused by a previous owner. Like any dog, they can be territorial over food or high-value toys.

What are the most popular Golden Retriever names?

Some of the most popular Golden Retriever names include Charlie, Cooper, Bailey, Bella, Daisy, Max, Luna, Buddy, Lucy, Sadie, Tucker, Murphy, Maggie, Leo, Molly, Nala, Duke, Riley, Fin, Oliver, Bentley, Oakley, Penny, Bear, Piper, Scout, Rosie, Jack, Honey, Milo, Moose, Lily, Ruby, Sonny, Marley, Winston, and Teddy. Get more dog names here.

What are the most common Golden Retriever mixes?

The most common Golden Retriever mixes are:

  • Golden Retriever-German Shepherd mix (Golden Shepherd)
  • Golden Retriever-Husky mix (Goberian)
  • Golden Retriever-Labrador mix (Golden Labrador)
  • Golden Retriever-Corgi mix (Golden Corgi)
  • Golden Retriever-Bernese Mountain Dog mix (Golden Mountain Dog)
  • Golden Retriever-Rottweiler mix (Golden Rottie Retriever)
  • Golden Retriever-Dachshund mix (Golden Dox)
  • Golden Retriever-Chihuahua mix (Golden Chi)
  • Golden Retriever-Cocker Spaniel mix (Golden Cocker Retriever)
  • Golden Retriever-Poodle mix (Goldendoodle)

Top Takeaways

Golden Retrievers are loving, loyal pets who make great family dogs. Sure, they need a lot of exercise, attention, and daily brushing to be at their happiest. But it’s a small price to pay for their wonderful company. These merry dogs make great sidekicks for active pet parents and are always ready for adventures together, exploring as a team all that life has to offer.

Expert input provided by veterinarian Georgina Ushi Phillips, DVM, who writes the Not a Bully website, and certified dog trainer Irith Bloom, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA, CDBC, owner of The Sophisticated Dog

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Leave a tip about Golden Retrievers

From food and training to health, travel and play (and everything in between) share your best, most puptastic tips with your fellow pet parents for raising a healthy, happy dog. Your email address will not be published.

Tips from Golden Retriever Parents

  1. Live on a farm in the Sierra Nevada Mts…Ted was a working dog on our ranch. As we have Bears Mountain Lions and. Bobcats roaming through he always protected me from harm. Once by attacking skilling a mountain lion that was stalking me….he passed away last month at 12 yrs old. ..a true and trusted companion

    1. We are so sorry for the loss of you beautiful (and from the sound of it, very devoted) Golden, Ted. Thank you for sharing your memories.

  2. From Polokwane, South Africa: Our Goldie, Miley, is an incredibly fast learner. Puppy training classes help her socialise with other pups and she made close friends with a Chocolate Labrador named Coco. She is the star of her class and can even do basic tracking. Highly recommended that you take your Goldie for pro training! Our climate is quite hot im the summer and we’re just wondering if she should get her summer coat shaved? (Going into summer now) or will a dip in a pool now and then, help?

  3. Urge him to keep on unwinding with uplifting feedback. Keep your Brilliant Retriever unobtrusively occupied with a riddle or bite toy when the time has come to unwind. This can keep him involved with practically no high-energy action. Have a similar season of the day consistently for your canine to unwind

  4. Urge him to keep on unwinding with uplifting feedback. Keep your Brilliant Retriever unobtrusively occupied with a riddle or bite toy when the time has come to unwind. This can keep him involved with practically no high-energy action. Have a similar season of the day consistently for your canine to unwind

  5. I grew up with a Golden Retriever named Charlie who was the sweetest! He always greeted visitors with a bone in his mouth (which I think my parents trained him to do so he wouldn’t bark), and let me dress him up and play. He was very high energy at first but got arthritis at an early age and eventually passed away from gastric torsion.