Saluki

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Elegant, demure and lightning fast, the Saluki is a unique and ancient dog breed perfect for experienced pet parents.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:
10 to 17 years
Size:

Large

Maintenance Level:

Medium

Shed Level:

Low

Temperament:
ComposedGentleEmotionally Intelligent
Coat Color:
WhiteCreamFawnGoldenRedGrizzle And TanTricolorBlack And Tan

Best For

Salukis are best suited for active pet parents who ideally live in quiet homes with a fenced yard. These handsome animals also do best in homes without other small animals (e.g. bunnies, hamsters, etc) or young or excitable children.

Saluki Traits

What makes the Saluki a Saluki? Let's find out how they stack up.

Saluki Temperament

The Saluki temperament is typically quiet and reserved. As such, this breed doesn’t tend to be super talkative; it’s rare to come across a Saluki who’s a big barker. They play well with other dogs, but they may be shy until they get to know a familiar face. While they’re watchful animals who may alert you when something’s amiss at home, they’re a bit too delicate to be an effective guard dog. Despite high levels of intelligence, Salukis are also not typically employed as service or therapy dogs.

Salukis are usually gentle with children, but they may be sensitive to over-stimulation or excessive attention from very young or excitable kids. They aren’t likely to bite, but they’re also just not into being smothered with physical affection or in situations with handsy or rambunctious little ones. Lassie, the Saluki is not.

Another defining characteristic can by their standoffishness with strangers, even though they often become quite fond of those in the household. In fact, they tend to bond with one family member in particular. (Beware, you jealous types!) They can suffer from separation anxiety if this person leaves home for extended periods, so the ideal pet parent will be able to commit to consistent face-time in this relationship.

The loyal and companionable Saluki can make a wonderful family dog. That said, they’re not a fit for families with other small animals due to their strong prey drive and chase instincts, which are common in sighthounds. (If you’ve got a bunny or guinea pig that runs loose at home, a Saluki is not going to be a friendly roommate. Think “Odd Couple” of the mammalian set.) These traits also mean that Salukis need to be kept on a leash at all times unless they’re in a safe, enclosed space. Got a flimsy fence? That’s not gonna cut it with this breed. You’ll want one that’s at least six feet in height.

How to Care for a Saluki

Salukis have a taste for luxury, as their royal ancestry might suggest. They can be fussy eaters, so they need a high-quality diet. Despite their good looks and Farrah Fawcett hair, they actually don’t need a ton of grooming, but they do need a good bit of exercise and training, which takes some perseverance on your part. Their highest maintenance need may actually be their bedding. They prefer it on the softer, more luxurious side, thank you. Your own bed’s high-thread-count sheets will do quite nicely.

Saluki Health

Saluki life expectancy is usually between 10 and 17 years, and they’re considered an overall robust breed. That said, there are a few health issues that affect the Saluki breed more frequently than some other dog breeds.

  • Heart Issues: Saluki health issues tend to revolve around the heart. They may suffer from cardiomyopathy and mitral valve disease, as well as from heart cancer. Course of treatment for these conditions, many of which are genetic, vary dramatically, but they include options ranging from medication to surgery. Regular check-ups with your vet can help you keep tabs on your Saluki’s heart health.
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV): Like other dog breeds with deep chests, Salukis may experience GDV (aka bloat), which causes the dog’s stomach to fill with gas and become twisted. It can occur suddenly and is a life-threatening emergency. To help reduce the chance of your dog experiencing GDV, use a slow feeding bowl at mealtime, keep the bowl on the ground (don’t elevate it) and avoid exercising at least an hour before or after mealtime. If you think your pup is suffering from GDV, get to your vet immediately.
  • Allergies: Salukis may experience allergies, and in some cases, they may have a sensitivity to anesthesia. Vets may prescribe allergy relief medication to alleviate minor symptoms.
  • Skin Conditions: Salukis may suffer from a variety of dermatological issues, including dermatitis and alopecia. Dermatitis encompasses conditions like skin flare-ups, redness, irritation and itchiness. Alopecia (hair loss) isn’t usually painful or uncomfortable, but it may make your dog more sensitive to sunburn. Topical medications may be available to treat dermatitis and other skin conditions.

Saluki History

If the Saluki’s majestic mug somehow just screams “descendant of royalty” to you, you’re onto something—the Saluki dog breed was once a favorite among rulers, like Alexander the Great. For centuries, these noble animals graced the palaces of royal families of the Middle East and sat throne-side among pharaohs.

Archeologists have found ancient artifacts, including sculptures and paintings, that depict slender dogs with feathered, Saluki-like features. Possible Saluki mummies have also been found in tombs. These discoveries give experts reason to think that the Saluki may be one of the oldest domestic dog breeds in the world.

Also known as Persian Greyhounds or Gazelle Hounds, these dogs were originally bred in the Middle East as sighthounds for hunting. (Sighthounds are dogs who hunt by sight instead of by following their nose, as a Beagle would.) In more recent years, the Saluki has become famous for their running and racing abilities.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the Saluki as an official breed in 1927. Saluki puppy prices range from $400 to $1,000, and the cost goes up from there. But for that price, you’re likely getting a pup who’s been screened for health and temperament issues and may come with pedigree papers. You can find a list of reputable breeders on the AKC website. If you’d like to adopt, reach out to Saluki rescue organizations or keep an eye out for the breed at your local animal shelter.

FAQs

Do Salukis shed?

Yes, Salukis shed but they shed very little, so they’re perfect for families who don’t want to battle pet hair on a daily basis. That said, they are not a hypoallergenic breed and may not be a good choice for people who suffer from allergies.

Do Salukis bark a lot?

Salukis don’t bark a lot and are considered a relatively quiet dog breed.

Are Salukis good family dogs?

Salukis are good family dogs but raising a Saluki with kids in the household can be a balancing act: You’ll need to teach your little ones to be calm and gentle with this naturally reserved animal. That said, Salukis can be a great fit for families with older kids or senior family members.

Are Salukis faster than Greyhounds?

Whether Salukis are faster than Greyhounds may be the million-dollar question of the dog world. Maybe… But, either way, the answer is somewhat up for debate. Greyhounds are considered slightly faster sprinters. Their top speed is 45 mph vs. a Saluki’s top speed of 40 mph, but Salukis may outperform them on distances longer than a half mile.

Where are Saluki dogs from?

Salukis come from somewhere in the Middle East, Asia or Egypt, and the breed’s origin dates back thousands of years.

What are the most common Saluki mixes?

The most common Saluki dog mixes are:

  • Saluki-Greyhound mix (Saluki Greyhound)
  • Saluki-Whippet mix (Saluki Whippet)
  • Saluki-German Shepherd mix (Saluki Shepherd)
  • Saluki-Golden Retriever mix (Saluki Golden Retriever)
  • Saluki-Husky mix (Saluki Husky)
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Top Takeaways

Demure and dignified, the Saluki breed is one of the most ancient types of domesticated dogs around today. These calm and quiet, often shy, animals need daily bouts of exercise, and they’ll be happiest in a serene and stable home with a fenced-in yard. Though they’re absolute stunners sure to turn heads on the street, their grooming needs are surprisingly minimal. Saluki training, however, is a bit trickier: Positive reinforcement techniques must be started early and should emphasize socialization. The investment is well worth it, though!

Expert input provided by veterinarian Dr. Cori Wigfall, DVM, BVM and veterinary spokesperson of SpiritDog Training, as well as certified dog trainer Kate LaSala, CTC, CBCC-KA, PCBC-A, CSAT, owner of Rescued By Training.

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