• Pug Puppy Sitting on dirt
  • Adult pug trotting in grass
  • light colored young pug close up. Mouth open, tongue out in front of a soccer ball
    Happy cute Pug smiling on table
  • Pug in grass walking towards camera
  • Pug laying on carpet with mouth open and paws on a silver laptop computer
  • Fawn pug facing camera sitting in a pile of fall leaves
  • Young pug running on beach wearing life vest
    dog pug breed running on the beach with life jacket so fun and happiness,Dog vacation concept
  • Pug Puppy Sitting on dirt
  • Adult pug trotting in grass
  • light colored young pug close up. Mouth open, tongue out in front of a soccer ball
  • Pug in grass walking towards camera
  • Pug laying on carpet with mouth open and paws on a silver laptop computer
  • Fawn pug facing camera sitting in a pile of fall leaves
  • Young pug running on beach wearing life vest
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Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:

13 to 15 years



Maintenance Level:


Shed Level:



FriendlyLaid BackLoving

Coat Color:

Blue Ribbon

Best For

Pugs are quirky, affectionate companions. Their coat may be low-maintenance, but their personality is decidedly not—they crave attention, making them perfect for cuddlers seeking a lively, adaptable friend.

Pug Traits

Pug Temperament

Simply put, Pugs are incredibly friendly dogs. They thrive on attention and can get pretty worked up and excited if fun things are happening. These are amiable little dogs who want to participate in your activities, too. Pugs prefer friends over foes, and they’re not prone to bite (their jaw shape minimizes the effectiveness of their bite).

Pugs with kids and babies are often a great combination since Pugs are fun and enjoy playtime. However, the Pug’s eyes are at risk for injury (since they slightly stick out), so children need to learn early on that their pet’s face is vulnerable, and they must take care while playing with the dog.

A Pug’s personality is playful and charming but in a somewhat regal and controlled manner. They’re enjoyable dogs to be around, and hopefully, you don’t mind the occasional snore.

Finally, when it comes to a career, Pugs may have the best job in the world: being a companion to their loving family. They are average barkers (not too quiet, not too much) and make fairly good watchdogs, too.

How to Care for a Pug

Pugs are easy dogs to care for. They’re smart and quick to learn, so training is enjoyable for everyone. Grooming is simple other than a couple of Pug-specific chores, and the breed doesn’t have high exercise requirements. The biggest challenge to Pug care is managing their health needs.

Pug Health

Toy dog breeds tend to have longer lifespans than large dog breeds, and the Pug is no exception. Pug life expectancy is about 13 to 15 years. However, there are a few health issues you should be aware of, so you can help your pet stay healthy throughout their life.

  • Eye Issues: Since Pugs have such prominent eyes, they are more prone to eye issues. Examine your Pug’s eyes for signs of redness, discharge, squinting or cloudiness and seek veterinary care if you observe any of these. Dry eye is another common eye problem that Pugs develop when their eyes don’t produce enough tears. Treatment usually consists of medicated eye drops.
  • Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia occurs when the hip joint isn’t formed properly and doesn’t fit right. This can result in limping, pain and arthritis. Weight reduction, physical therapy and surgery are options for treatment.
  • Patellar Luxation: This is the condition where the knee slides out of the joint. In milder cases, pain medication and weight management are treatment options. Surgery is often needed in more severe cases.
  • Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE): This is an inflammatory brain disease affecting approximately 1.5% of pugs and is fatal. Within a matter of weeks, a dog will experience seizures, circling, blindness, then coma and death. At this time, there is no known treatment for the disease, nor are experts sure how they get it. But there is a test to assess a dog’s risk for getting the disease.
  • Skin Issues: Keeping your Pug clean helps minimize skin issues. In particular, the skin folds require special attention to avoid irritation and infections. Pet parents can clean the Pug’s facial wrinkles and around the genitals with mild wipes to help prevent odors and discharge.
  • Ear Infections: Those floppy ears are cute, but they may harbor infections. Check their ears every day and gently wipe away any debris. Signs of infection include redness, swelling or a bad odor. If you notice these signs, contact your vet immediately.
  • Allergies: Pugs can be affected by skin allergies. These can be caused by food allergies or seasonal environmental allergies (pollen, mold, etc.) If your pet is excessively itchy or develops skin redness or rash, please make an appointment to see your vet.
  • Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: That cute, smooshed face is a major appeal of pugs, but it can result in their anatomy being a little shortened and causing changes that make them predisposed to overheating. Use caution not to exercise your pet outside when it is warm or humid. If your dog is having any trouble breathing, get them to the vet immediately.

Pug History

The history of the Pug dates back thousands of years and spans multiple continents. But their (not so) humble origins began as the beloved companions of Chinese emperors, and they were highly prized and valued for centuries. Some Pugs even had their own guards!

By around the 1500s, Pugs began to travel abroad, and they arrived in Europe, where they became quite popular with royalty in Holland. In France, Napoleon’s wife Josephine had a Pug. Over in England, Queen Victoria was said to be especially fond of the breed; she shared her home with as many as 38 Pugs.

Pugs have often been associated with the Latin phrase, Multum in parvo, which translates to “much in a little.” No other phrase sums up Pugs quite as effectively. They may be small dogs, but they pack a lot of personality into their small size!

The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1885, but the popularity of the Pug breed in America declined somewhat around the turn of the 20th century. Later, interest increased again, and The Pug Dog Club of America was established in 1931. Today, the Pug enjoys steady popularity in the US.

So, where’s the best place to find a Pug puppy? You can find a list of reputable breeders on the American Kennel Club’s website. What’s the average Pug price? Depending on the breeder, expect to spend anywhere from $1,000 to $2,500 for a pup. But for that, you usually get a dog who’s been screened for health and temperament issues, and they might even come with pedigree papers. You can also reach out to Pug rescue organizations to adopt a Pug or keep an eye out for the breed at your local animal shelter. To start, browse Chewy’s database of adoptable dogs in your area.


Are Pugs hypoallergenic?

Unfortunately no, Pugs aren’t hypoallergenic. They shed (sometimes a lot!) and pet parents with allergies may react to the Pug’s hair and dander.

Are Pugs smart?

Pugs may not be THE smartest in the dog kingdom (like overachiever Border Collies), but they are intelligent and trainable. They tend to be highly motivated by food, which is always a help when training. They are also motivated by an innate desire to please their loved ones.

Can Pugs swim?

Technically, Pugs can swim—but should they? Like other brachycephalic (aka flat-faced) breeds, Pugs aren’t physically well-suited for swimming. While they do have a natural instinct to swim while in water, their physical characteristics typically prevent them from being strong swimmers.

What are the most common Pug mixes?

Note: These are not purebred dogs but mixed breeds.


Top Takeaways

If you love the idea of a small canine companion with a regal air and some goofiness and fun-loving qualities, then a Pug as a pet might be just the fit for you. The Pug’s “family-first” priority is one of their best traits, and they’ll make a loving companion for years to come.

Expert input provided by veterinarian Dr. Kathleen L. Smiler, DVM, DACLAM, and certified dog trainer Alisa Sibley, CPDT-KA, KPA-CTP, of Four Paw Sports Center.

Breed characteristic ratings provided by veterinarian Dr. Sarah J. Wooten, DVM, CVJ, a veterinarian at Sheep Draw Veterinary Hospital in Greeley, Colorado; dog trainer and behavior consultant Irith Bloom, CPDT-KSA, CBCC-KA, CDBC, owner of The Sophisticated Dog, LLC, in Los Angeles; and certified animal behavior consultant Amy Shojai, CABC, in Sherman, Texas.

The health content was medically reviewed by Chewy vets.

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Top Pug Names

These are the top Pug names as chosen by Chewy's pet parents!

Female Names

  • Luna
  • Bella
  • Lola
  • Lucy
  • Daisy
  • Stella
  • Ruby
  • Rosie
  • Olive
  • Penny

Male Names

  • Milo
  • Max
  • Winston
  • Frank
  • Otis
  • Gus
  • Frankie
  • Oliver
  • Rocky
  • Louie