All You Need to Know About Veterinary Diets

By: Chewy EditorialUpdated:

Jaromir Chalabala/

All You Need to Know About Veterinary Diets


You know how vital nutrition is for yourself, and it isn’t any different for our pets. The proper diet can play an important and sometimes lifesaving role for the furry members of your family. In fact, at some point, your vet may recommend a special veterinary diet.

More often than not, veterinarians are asked, “Why does my pet have to eat special food?” Typically, when a pet needs to eat a veterinary diet, like Hill’s cat food or dog food—and only the veterinary diet—her current diet contains an ingredient (or several ingredients) that cause systemic reactions or discomfort. Sometimes this can manifest as skin or gastrointestinal hypersensitivity in a pet with food allergies.

Your vet may also recommend a special diet because the current food is missing crucial ingredients your pet needs to support a condition or improve clinical signs that your pet may be exhibiting. For example, if your cat is diagnosed with feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC) or feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), your vet might recommend a food with ingredients to help balance urine pH. This would help control inflammatory triggers and prevent urinary stone formation or urinary obstruction.

A veterinarian-recommended diet should only be fed as instructed and only to the pet that needs the specific dietary intervention. It’s especially vital to keep this in mind when you have a multi-pet household in which multiple pets get fed at the same time, or in some cases, free-fed.

Say, for example, your vet recommended a kidney support diet to one of your pets. That diet will have reduced amounts of protein. For a healthy cat or dog with normally functioning kidneys, this diet would not have adequate amounts of protein to support her dietary protein requirements. There may be some diets that your veterinarian recommends that may be safely fed to all animals in your household, such as a urinary-support or weight-reducing diet. Just be sure to check with your doctor whether a specific diet is safe for the other pets in the house to eat or not.

You should always discuss these and any other lifestyle concerns with your pet’s veterinarian if a veterinary diet is recommended before it is purchased to make sure it’s the right choice for you and your pets.

Contributed by Dr. Diana Drogan, DVM.


By: Chewy EditorialUpdated: