German Shorthaired Pointer

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Thinking about raising a German Shorthaired Pointer? Get ready: they're full of energy! See if they're a good match for you.

Breed Snapshot

Life Expectancy:
10 to 12 years
Size:

Medium

Maintenance Level:

Medium

Shed Level:

Medium

Temperament:
High-energySometimes IntenseLoyal
Coat Color:
BlackBlack And WhiteBlack RoanLiverLiver And WhiteLiver RoanWhite And Liver

Best For

German Shorthaired Pointers are best for experienced and active pet parents and families who can match the dog's activity level. They do well with other dogs, but cats need not apply.

German Shorthaired Pointer Traits

What makes the German Shorthaired Pointer a German Shorthaired Pointer? Let's find out how they stack up.

German Shorthaired Pointer Temperament

The German Shorthaired Pointer breed is a loyal, loving dog who wants to hang out with their pet parent. These dogs enjoy working, and you’ll find they’re alert dogs who keep an eye—and a very strong nose—on everything.

Their temperament is easygoing, and they can be friendly with new people. Socialization will help bring out more friendly qualities when meeting new people, but they’re typically not aggressive toward humans and don’t tend to bite. German Shorthaired Pointers are great with kids and other dogs. But these dogs were born to hunt, so they don’t mix well with smaller pets, like a rabbit or cat.

These high-energy pups love to please their people. However, they’re easily distracted by what they see and smell, and that may make training a little more difficult. These are hard-working pups who love it when you give them something to do. You can fulfill their type-A needs through playing games like fetch or through dog sports, like agility.

How to Care for a German Shorthaired Pointer

German Shorthaired Pointers are generally easy dogs to care for. They’re easy to groom, their shedding level is manageable and they’re smart. You’ll be spending the bulk of your time in training and exercise, which gives you fun ways to bond with your pup.

German Shorthaired Pointer Health

German Shorthaired Pointer dogs are usually healthy and have an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years. That said, any dog can develop the occasional health problem, and GSPs are no different. A few of the more common health issues that can affect your German Shorthaired Pointer include:

  • Bloat: This is a serious stomach condition that can occur very quickly and is an emergency situation. Also known as Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus, the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself. Signs include unproductive retching, bloating, excessive drooling and abdominal pain. You can prevent GDV by feeding your dog smaller meals more frequently throughout the day with a slow feeding bowl and waiting to exercise for one hour before and after meals. Your vet can also perform a surgery that pins the stomach to the side of the body to help prevent it .
  • Hip and Elbow Dysplasia: GSPs are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia—painful conditions that happen when these joints are not formed properly and rub, causing the dog pain. In severe cases, lameness can occur. Treatments include weight management, exercise restriction, physical therapy and surgery.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is an autoimmune condition that causes an underactive thyroid gland, which results in a lower metabolism, weight gain, hair loss, lethargy and other symptoms. Treatment includes a daily hormone replacement pill.
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease: This is a genetic condition that prevents blood clotting, resulting in excess bleeding. Management of the disease includes adjusting the dog’s activity to avoid injury and blood transfusions if surgery is needed.

German Shorthaired Pointer History

The German Shorthaired Pointer’s place of origin is Germany (no surprise there), where the breed was developed in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the early days of their history, breeders wanted a brilliant, versatile hunting dog who could do it all—point, flush and retrieve. This idea appealed to hunters who couldn’t keep and care for multiple dogs to fulfill each purpose. Early breeders used several breeds (such as the German Bird Dog, the Spanish Pointer and the English Pointer) to fulfill that goal, and the German Shorthaired Pointer was developed. Naturally, the impressively useful GSP was widely appealing.

The breed came to the United States in the 1920s, and the first litter of German Shorthaired Pointers born in the United States arrived in 1925. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in the 1930s, and the German Shorthaired Pointer Club of America was established shortly thereafter. Today, the breed’s popularity is firmly established in the US, and the German Shorthaired Pointer ranks No. 9 on the AKC’s list of most popular breeds.

So, where is the best place to find German Shorthaired Pointer puppies? You can find a list of reputable breeders on the American Kennel Club’s website. What’s the average German Shorthaired Pointer price? Depending on the breeder, expect to spend anywhere from $800 to $2,000 for a pup. For that price, you usually get a dog who’s been screened for health and temperament issues, and they might even come with pedigree papers. You can also reach out to German Shorthaired Pointer rescue organizations to adopt or keep an eye out for the breed at your local animal shelter.

FAQs

Do German Shorthaired Pointers shed?

German Shorthaired Pointers do shed, but they aren’t considered heavy shedders, thanks to their short coats. However, they do shed more in the spring and fall when they blow their coats.

How long do German Shorthaired Pointers live?

German Shorthaired Pointers typically live 10 to 12 years, although some dogs live into their teens. With the proper nutrition, exercise and vet visits, you can help your pup live a long and happy life.

Are German Shorthaired Pointers good family dogs?

Yes! German Shorthaired Pointers can be good family dogs. They’re affectionate, attentive and good with kids. They like people and family life and being in the center of activity.

How big do German Shorthaired Pointers get?

German Shorthaired Pointers don’t get too big; they’re a medium-sized dog. They can get up to 25 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 70 pounds.

What are the most common German Shorthaired Pointers mixes?

  • German Shorthaired Pointer-Labrador Retriever mix
  • German Shorthaired Pointer-American Pit Bull Terrier mix
  • German Shorthaired Pointer-Poodle mix
  • German Shorthaired Pointer-German Shepherd mix
  • German Shorthaired Pointer-Weimaraner mix
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Top Takeaways

German Shorthaired Pointers are working dogs who want to do a good job for you. They may have a bit of an independent streak, but an experienced pup parent can help them overcome it. They love their families and do well with kids. These pups may be easy to groom, but you’ll spend the most of your time exercising and training them.

Expert input provided by veterinarian Ellen Kinzl, DVM, of Liberty Village Animal Hospital and certified dog trainer Erin Magnani Topp, CPDT-KA, KPA CTP, owner of Topp Canine Solutions.

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